Gary Leonard Oldman (born 21 March 1958) is an English actor, voice actor, and musician. A member of the 1980s Brit Pack, Oldman came to prominence in the mid-to-late 1980s with a string of performances that prompted pre-eminent film critic, Roger Ebert, to describe him as "the best young British actor around". He portrayed Sid Vicious in his acclaimed first leading role in Sid and Nancy (1986), and earned a BAFTA Award nomination for Best Actor for his second real-life portrayal, Joe Orton, in Prick Up Your Ears (1987). Oldman's role in Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead (1990) brought him an Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best Actor, while his performance as a violent gunman for an Irish American gang in State of Grace (1990) earned him greater notice and critical acclaim in the United States. His international breakthrough came with his portrayals of Lee Harvey Oswald in JFK (1991), and Count Dracula in Dracula (1992)—the latter bringing him the Saturn Award for Best Actor. Oldman also attracted media attention for his marriage to actress Uma Thurman in the early 1990s. He went on to play the villain of a number of popular films in the 1990s, including True Romance (1993), Léon (1994) and The Fifth Element (1997). His performance as a zealous Republican congressman in The Contender (2000) earned him Screen Actors Guild- and Independent Spirit Award nominations in the Best Supporting Actor category.
Since the turn of the millennium, Oldman has gained notoriety in heroic roles, such as Sirius Black in the Harry Potter film series, Jim Gordon in Christopher Nolan's Batman film trilogy and George Smiley in Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy. In addition to leading and central supporting roles in big-budget films, he has frequently acted in independent films, and television shows such as Fallen Angels and Friends—his performance in the latter bringing him an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series in 2001. He is also known for providing the voice of Viktor Reznov in the popular Call of Duty video game series. Oldman has been cited as an influence by a number of successful actors, and has been described as one of the greatest actors never nominated for an Academy Award. Aside from acting, he has served as a producer on several films, and directed, wrote and co-produced Nil by Mouth (1997), a film partially based on his own childhood, for which he was nominated for the 1997 Palme d'Or and won two BAFTA Awards. In 2011, Empire readers voted Oldman an "Icon of Film", in recognition of his contributions to cinema.
 Early life
Gary Oldman was born in London, the son of Kathleen (née Cheriton; b. 28 November 1919), a housewife, and Leonard Bertram Oldman (21 May 1921 – October 1985), a former sailor who worked as a welder. Oldman has a sister who is also an actress Laila Morse. Oldman has said that his father was an abusive alcoholic who left his family when Oldman was seven. Oldman was an accomplished singer and pianist as a child, but gave up music to pursue an acting career. His inspiration was Malcolm McDowell's performance in 1970 film The Raging Moon. In a 1995 interview with Charlie Rose, Oldman said: "Something about Malcolm [McDowell] just arrested me, and I connected, and I said 'I wanna do that'." Oldman retained his love for music, however, and can be seen singing and playing piano in the 1988 film Track 29, and tracing over pre-recorded versions of Beethoven's music in Immortal Beloved. Oldman attended the South East London Boys' School on Creek Road in Deptford, leaving school at 16.
 Film career
 Sid & Nancy and foray into American cinema
After graduating with a BA in Acting from Rose Bruford College in Sidcup, Kent in 1978, Oldman spent almost eight years in theatre, winning a number of awards. During this time he appeared in several films such as Remembrance (1982) and Meantime (1984) and would have made his screen debut in Don Boyd's Gossip (1982) if that film had not collapsed. In 1986 he won his first starring role as the Sex Pistols' ill-fated bassist Sid Vicious in the 1986 motion picture Sid & Nancy. The role launched Oldman's career and paved the way for work in Hollywood. Oldman's performance was highly regarded by many, perhaps most notably ex-Sex Pistols vocalist John Lydon, who despite questioning the authenticity of some parts of the film, said of Oldman in his biography: "The chap who played Sid, Gary Oldman, I thought was quite good", and later called him a "bloody good actor". Oldman reportedly lost considerable weight for the role and was briefly hospitalised. His performance was ranked #62 in Premiere magazine's "100 Greatest Performances of All Time" and #8 in Uncut magazine's "10 Best actors in rockin' roles", the latter describing his portrayal as a "hugely sympathetic reading of the punk figurehead as a lost and bewildered manchild." After coming to prominence for his portrayal of Vicious, Oldman increased his profile during the mid-to-late 1980s and early 1990s via starring roles in cult films such as Prick Up Your Ears (in which he played his second real-life portrayal: troubled playwright Joe Orton), Criminal Law (which marked Oldman's first use of an American accent), The Firm, Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead and State of Grace, with Janet Maslin referring to his work as "phenomenal" and Roger Ebert calling him "the best young British actor around." In late 1988, he starred opposite long-time hero Alan Bates in We Think the World of You, and alongside Dennis Hopper and Frances McDormand in Chattahoochee (1989). Oldman moved to the United States in the early 1990s, where he has since lived. Oldman and other young British actors of the 1980s who were becoming established Hollywood film actors, such as Tim Roth, Bruce Payne, Colin Firth and Paul McGann, were dubbed the 'Brit Pack'.
 Mainstream success in the 1990s
In 1991, Oldman starred in what was at that point the most significant role of his career as Lee Harvey Oswald in Oliver Stone's JFK. The following year, he starred as Count Dracula in Francis Ford Coppola's romance-horror Dracula. A commercially successful film adaptation of Bram Stoker's 1897 novel, it was a box office success worldwide. Oldman's performance is regarded by many as a staple of the horror genre, and was recognised by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films as the best male performance of 1992, who awarded Oldman the prestigious Best Actor award. Oldman would later become a popular portrayer of villains, he playing a violent pimp in True Romance (1993), corrupt DEA officer Norman Stansfield in Léon (1994) (ranked #43 in the Online Film Critics Society's "Top 100 Villains of All Time" in 2002) a sadistic prison warden in Murder in the First (1995) and a futuristic corporate tyrant in The Fifth Element (1997). Oldman also displayed a skill for world accents; along with the Transylvanian Count Dracula, Oldman played German-born Viennese composer Ludwig van Beethoven in Immortal Beloved, and Russian terrorist Ivan Korshunov in the 1997 blockbuster Air Force One. He also appeared as the Devil in the 1993 promo video to the Guns N' Roses single "Since I Don't Have You". Oldman also served as a Member of Jury at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival.
 Since 2000
Oldman appeared opposite Jeff Bridges as zealous Republican congressman Sheldon Runyon in The Contender (2000), in which he was also credited as a producer. He received a Screen Actors Guild award nomination for his performance. In 2001, he starred opposite Anthony Hopkins in Hannibal, as Mason Verger, the only surviving victim of Hannibal Lecter. Oldman reportedly spent six hours per day in the make-up room to achieve the character's hideously disfigured appearance. It marked the second time Oldman had appeared opposite Hopkins, a personal friend who was part of the supporting cast of Dracula. Oldman is uncredited in the film, reportedly over a dispute regarding top billing, which was going to co-star Anthony Hopkins and Julianne Moore. Oldman received an Emmy Award nomination for two guest appearances in Friends in 2001, appearing in the two-part episode "The One With Chandler and Monica's Wedding" as Richard Crosby, a pedantic actor who insists that "real" actors spit on one another when they enunciate, leading to the famous spitting scene between Joey Tribbiani (Matt LeBlanc) and himself. Oldman agreed to appear in the series after meeting LeBlanc on the set of Lost in Space in 1998.
Oldman later landed a major role in the Harry Potter film series, playing Harry Potter's godfather Sirius Black. Oldman and star Daniel Radcliffe reportedly became very close during the filming of the series. In 2005, Oldman starred as James Gordon in Christopher Nolan's commercially and critically acclaimed Batman Begins, a role he reprised in the even more successful sequel The Dark Knight (2008) and will reprise again in the upcoming installment The Dark Knight Rises (2012). Oldman co-starred with Jim Carrey in the 2009 version of A Christmas Carol in which Oldman played three roles. He had a starring role in David Goyer's supernatural thriller The Unborn, released in 2009. In 2010, Oldman co-starred with Denzel Washington in The Book of Eli. He also played a lead role in Catherine Hardwicke's Red Riding Hood. Oldman voiced the role of villain Lord Shen in Kung Fu Panda 2.
Oldman will appear as George Smiley in the 2011 re-adaptation of the John le Carré novel Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy, directed by Tomas Alfredson, also starring Colin Firth, Mark Strong and Tom Hardy.
He has also participated in the creation of The Legend of Spyro games produced by Sierra Entertainment, providing the voice to the Fire Guardian, Ignitus. He also voices Sergeant Reznov in the award-winning video games Call of Duty: World at War and Call of Duty: Black Ops, the latter of which he also voiced a British scientist by the name of Daniel Clarke.
 Other ventures
In 1997, Oldman directed, produced, and wrote the award-winning Nil by Mouth, a movie partially based on his own childhood. Nil By Mouth went on to win the BAFTA Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film (shared with Douglas Urbanski) and also the BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay, the Channel 4 Director's Award, and an Empire Award,Template:Which? and was declared by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts as one of the one hundred best films of all time. Recently,Template:When Nil By Mouth was listed by Time Out as number two of the top 50 best British films ever.
Oldman and producing partner Douglas Urbanski formed the SE8 GROUP to produce Nil By Mouth. The company also produced The Contender, which also starred Oldman. He was also credited as a producer. Some media outlets reported that Oldman was unhappy with the finished product and felt that DreamWorks had heavily edited the film to reflect their pro-Democratic leanings. These claims were later debunked; Oldman, not a U.S. citizen, was described as "so uninvolved in politics, he has never even declared a party affiliation". Oldman has finished his latest screenplay, Chang & Eng, co-written with Darin Strauss, based on the author's book of the same name; SE8 Group will produce. In September 2006, Nokia Nseries Studio released the Oldman-directed short film Donut, with music by Tor Hyams. The film was shot with an N93 in order to promote the phone. Oldman also directed the music video for "Red Rover", a song from Jewish rap group Chutzpah's second CD Hip Hop Fantasy, shot entirely on the N93. Juliet Landau made a 25-minute documentary about the making of the video. In 2011, he directed a music video for Alex Eden's first single "Kiss Me Like the Woman You Loved" for Side Tracked Records.
Oldman won a scholarship to the Rose Bruford College, where he received a BA in Theatre Arts in 1979. He had initially applied for enrolment into the prestigious Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, but was refused entry. Oldman told Charlie Rose in 1995 that he was told to "find something else to do for a living". Rose, surprised, asked jokingly, "Have you reminded them of this?", to which Oldman replied that "the work speaks for itself." Following his graduation from Rose Bruford College, he later studied with the Greenwich Young People's Theatre and went on to appear in a number of stage plays including The Pope's Wedding, for which he received Time Out's Fringe Award for Best Newcomer of 1985–1986 and the British Theatre Association's Drama Magazine Award as Best Actor of 1985. He was a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company during their 1985–86 London season, appearing in small-scale productions at the Pit and Almeida theatres.
Oldman has had a keen interest in music from an early age. He is a proficient pianist and stated in a 1995 interview with Charlie Rose that he would rather be a musician than an actor. Oldman sang several tracks on the Sid and Nancy soundtrack, and sang and played live piano in the 1988 movie Track 29. He traced over Beethoven compositions in 1994's Immortal Beloved. He also tutored Harry Potter star Daniel Radcliffe on bass guitar. Oldman appeared on Reeves Gabrels' album The Sacred Squall of Now, performing a vocal duet with David Bowie on the track "You've Been Around".
 Popularity and influence
Oldman has long established a cult following among film fans. He is known for playing the primary antagonist in a number of popular motion pictures, which has seen him referenced in popular culture. MTV's Celebrity Deathmatch aired a match between Oldman and Christopher Walken, citing their portrayals of many memorable Hollywood villains. Oldman's portrayal of Count Dracula was also spoofed by Jim Carrey on Fox comedy series In Living Color. In 1993, Oldman had a cameo role as the Devil in the promo video to the Guns N' Roses single "Since I Don't Have You"—he also played the Devil in the 2002 BMW short Beat The Devil, alongside Clive Owen, James Brown and Marilyn Manson. He was drafted in to appear on the first ever cover of Loaded in 1994. On YouTube, Oldman is the subject of a number of tribute videos. In contrast to his often dark on-screen roles, Oldman's affable real-life demeanour has been noted, and he was named as one of Empire magazine's "100 Sexiest Stars in Film History" in 2007.
Allmovie has described Oldman as "capable of portraying almost any type of character", and as having "consistently amazed viewers with his ability to completely disappear into his roles." His performances during his career have provided inspiration for younger actors who would go on to enjoy successful Hollywood careers. Brad Pitt has described Oldman as his foremost acting "god", while Daniel Radcliffe has cited Oldman as the actor whose career he would most like to emulate. Ryan Gosling has named Oldman as his favourite actor. Other actors who have been influenced by Oldman include: Shia LaBeouf, Christian Bale, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Ben Foster, Johnny Depp, Chris Pine, and Jason Isaacs. Dracula and Hannibal co-star, Anthony Hopkins, has described Oldman as "multi-talented", and as possessing "a great genius and flair for creativity." Oldman has garnered critical acclaim for his diverse performances and portrayals of real-life historical figures and is noted for his avoidance of the Hollywood celebrity scene, often being referred to as an "actor's actor". Oldman's performances have gained the admiration of prominent film critics: Roger Ebert has hailed him as "one of the great actors, able to play high, low, crass, noble", while Janet Maslin has called him a "phenomenal" actor who "since Sid and Nancy has taken on a string of new accents and dramatic identities with stunning ease." Oldman's portrayals of eccentric villains have occasionally polarized critics. He has recently stated, however, that he seeks to play more reserved roles at this stage in his career.
As of 15 December 2009, motion pictures starring Oldman as leading actor or supporting co-star have grossed over $2.5 billion at the United States box office, and over $6 billion worldwide.
 Personal life
Despite numerous lead and supporting roles in major Hollywood productions, Oldman is intensely private with his personal life and is known for his stance on celebrity and the ideals of Hollywood, once stating that "being famous, that's a whole other career. And I haven't got any energy for it." Oldman was born and brought up in London, England, but moved to the United States in the early 1990s. He currently lives in Los Angeles with his young family.
 Alcohol and legal problems
His problems with alcohol were well known during the early 1990s. After a string of alcohol-fuelled debacles he checked himself into Marworth treatment facility in Waverly Township, Pennsylvania, for alcoholism treatment in 1993. In subsequent interviews Oldman acknowledged his problems with alcohol, and called himself a recovering alcoholic on a 2001 interview with Charlie Rose. In 2001, former wife Donya Fiorentino claimed that Oldman had a drug habit and abused her, a claim which was investigated by the family courts, child custody evaluator, the police, and Los Angeles city attorney. Oldman was awarded legal custody of their children; Fiorentino was granted short court-monitored visits. Today, Oldman lives a teetotal lifestyle and attributes his success in beating his addiction to Alcoholics Anonymous, and has since publicly praised the organisation.
 Marriages and family
Oldman has been married four times in total:
- Lesley Manville (1987–1990)
- Uma Thurman (1990–1992)
- Donya Fiorentino (1997–2001)
- Alexandra Edenborough (2008–present)
He has four sons: Alfie (b. 1988), from his marriage to Manville, Roberto, adopted with ex-girlfriend Isabella Rossellini, and Gulliver Flynn (b. 20 August 1997) and Charlie John (b. 11 February 1999), from his marriage to Fiorentino. His sister, Laila Morse, is also an actress, best known as Mo Harris in the BBC's long-running series EastEnders; she also had a role in Oldman's directorial debut, Nil by Mouth. Oldman supports South East London football team Millwall.
|1984||Meantime||Coxy the Skinhead||TV|
|1985||Honest, Decent & True||Derek Bates||TV|
|1986||Sid and Nancy||Sid Vicious|
|1987||Prick Up Your Ears||Joe Orton|
|1988||Criminal Law||Ben Chase|
|1988||We Think the World of You||Johnny|
|1988||The Firm||Clive "Bex" Bissell||TV|
|1990||Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead||Rosencrantz|
|1990||State of Grace||Jackie Flannery|
|1990||Henry & June||Pop||Credited as Maurice Escargot|
|1991||JFK||Lee Harvey Oswald|
|1991||Heading Home||Ian Tyson||TV|
|1993||True Romance||Drexl Spivey|
|1993||Romeo Is Bleeding||Jack Grimaldi|
|1994||Léon||Norman Stansfield||Released as The Professional in the US|
|1994||Immortal Beloved||Ludwig van Beethoven|
|1995||Murder in the First||Milton Glenn|
|1995||The Scarlet Letter||Rev. Arthur Dimmesdale|
|1997||The Fifth Element||Jean-Baptiste Emmanuel Zorg|
|1997||Air Force One||Ivan Korshunov|
|1998||Lost in Space||Dr. Zachary Smith|
|1998||Quest for Camelot||Sir Ruber||Voice|
|2000||The Contender||Rep. Sheldon Runyon||Also executive producer|
|2000||Monsignor Renard||Unlisted||TV, uncredited|
|2001||Nobody's Baby||Buford Hill||Also producer|
|2001||Friends||Richard Crosby||TV (2 episodes)|
|2002||Interstate 60||O. W. Grant|
|2002||The Hire: Beat the Devil||The Devil||Short subject|
|2002||Greg the Bunny||Himself||TV (1 episode)|
|2004||Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban||Sirius Black|
|2005||Batman Begins||James Gordon|
|2005||Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire||Sirius Black|
|2007||Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix||Sirius Black|
|2008||The Dark Knight||Jim Gordon|
|2009||The Unborn||Rabbi Joseph Sendak|
|2009||A Christmas Carol||Tiny Tim/Bob Cratchit/Jacob Marley||Voice|
|2009||Planet 51||General Grawl||Voice|
|2010||The Book of Eli||Carnegie|
|2011||Red Riding Hood||Father Soloman|
|2011||Kung Fu Panda 2||Lord Shen||Voice|
|2011||Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2||Sirius Black|
|2011||Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy||George Smiley|
|2011||Guns, Girls and Gambling||Elvis||Filming|
|2012||The Wettest County in the World||Floyd Banner||Filming|
|2012||The Dark Knight Rises||James Gordon||Filming|
 Video games
|1998||The Fifth Element||Jean-Baptiste Emmanuel Zorg||Voice|
|2003||Medal of Honor: Allied Assault||Sgt. Jack Barnes||Voice|
|2003||True Crime: Streets of LA|| Rasputin "Rocky" Kuznetskov|
|2006||The Legend of Spyro: A New Beginning||Ignitus||Voice|
|2007||The Legend of Spyro: The Eternal Night||Ignitus||Voice|
|2008||The Legend of Spyro: Dawn of the Dragon||Ignitus||Voice|
|2008||Call of Duty: World at War||Sgt. Viktor Reznov||Voice|
|2010||Call of Duty: Black Ops|| Captain. Viktor Reznov|
Dr. Daniel Clarke
 Awards and nominations
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Roger Ebert (8 May 1987). "Prick Up Your Ears". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19870508/REVIEWS/705080301/1023. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ See Popularity and influence.
- ↑ Singer, Leigh. "Oscars: the best actors never to have been nominated". The Guardian. 19 February 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- ↑ Larnick, Eric. "Actors Who've Never Been Nominated for Oscars". Moviefone. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- ↑ Fulton, Rick. "Gary Oldman: My career has been good but my kids are my biggest accomplishment". Daily Record. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- ↑ ImDb news article: Will Gary Oldman finally land an Oscar nod for 'Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy'?
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Nil by Mouth (1997) – News
- ↑ Masters, Tim. Empire awards: Gary Oldman named film icon. BBC News. 27 March 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 Interviews by Charlie Rose
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4
- ↑ Uncut magazine, issue #117, February 2007
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Janet Maslin (14 September 1990). "Movie Review – State of Grace". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9C0CE4DE1238F937A2575AC0A966958260. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 Craig McLean (28 June 2007). "More Mr Nice Guy". London: The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3666071/More-Mr-Nice-Guy.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ http://www.brucepayne.de/press/articles/facearticle1987.html
- ↑ "Top 100 Villains of All Time". Online Film Critics Society
- ↑ 28.0 28.1
- ↑ Hannibal DVD "Making of feature"
- ↑ Moviehole.net – Gary Oldman joins A Christmas Carol[dead link]
- ↑ Dave McNary (29 October 2008). "Gary Oldman joins 'Book of Eli'". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117994890.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ "Benedict Cumberbatch Joins 'Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy'". 16 August 2010. http://www.cinematical.com/2010/08/16/benedict-cumberbatch-joins-tinker-tailor-soldier-spy/. Retrieved 2010-09-04.
- ↑ Trowbridge, Simon (2008). "Gary Oldman". Stratfordians. Oxford, England: Editions Albert Creed. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-9559830-1-6.
- ↑ "Daniel Radcliffe | A-Z Star Search | Mail Online". Daily Mail (London). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/azstar/archives/daniel-radcliffe.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009. "He counts the actor Gary Oldman, who taught him the bass guitar, amongst his closest friends."
- ↑ "Nick Returns". Celebrity Deathmatch. MTV. 30 July 1998.
- ↑ "Bram Stoker's Wanda". In Living Color. FOX. 13 December 1992.
- ↑ New Statesman – The dark world of lads' mags Template:WebCite
- ↑ Neil Norman (22 April 2007). "Ryan Gosling: The children's champion". London: The Independent on Sunday. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/ryan-gosling-the-childrens-champion-445685.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ "Talking Shop: Joseph Gordon-Levitt". BBC News. 22 August 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/8214816.stm. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- ↑ Johnny Depp interview, Total Film, May 1998, p.38: "I've always admired actors who can try their hand at anything and, more often than not, succeed at it... people like Daniel [Day-Lewis] and Gary Oldman are just inspiring to watch."
- ↑ "'Star Trek's' Chris Pine boldly goes in search of challenging roles". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 20 June 2009 . http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/culturemonster/2009/06/star-treks-chris-pine-boldly-goes-in-search-of-challenging-roles-.html. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- ↑ The South Bank Show: Gary Oldman. Season 21, Episode 15. ITV. 15 March 1998.
- ↑ 61.0 61.1 Biography for Gary Oldman at the Internet Movie Database
- ↑ "Morning Mix: Paris's Interview – Not So 'Hot' – Celebritology". Blog.washingtonpost.com. 28 June 2007. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/celebritology/2007/06/moring_mix_pariss_interview_no.html. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
- ↑ Roger Ebert (13 October 2000). "The Contender". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20001013/REVIEWS/10130303/1023. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ Gary Oldman Relates to Jim Gordon @ JustPressPlay[dead link]
- ↑ Gary Oldman at Hollywood.com
- ↑ Alison Boshoff. "Gary's bitter divorce battle". London: Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-71209/Garys-bitter-divorce-battle.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
- ↑ Kay, Richard (5 January 2009). "Wills and Harry go it alone". London: Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1105172/Wills-Harry-alone.html. Retrieved 21 May 2009.